Debt

The Debt Story

Parents always warn us not to be in Debt. “Better to go Hungry to bed than to wake up in Debt” is what our dads would say in a stern tone. But why?
It has a simple reason! The word Debt is often referred to as borrowings such as a car loan, home loan or credit card loans. It reminds of the hunting calls from the credit card companies.
But, these are conventional thoughts.

As for the newer ideology… DEBT means products with “ RETURNS”.

The usual feeling that comes with “Investing” is “Fear”. They are normally two sides of the same coin, to most investors. But like Warren Buffett says
“Risk comes from not knowing what you’re doing.”
Knowledge is what you require to make your first move in investing in Debt Instruments. The finance part, you will eventually figure it out once you are familiar with Debt and stop fearing it.

Here are few Debt Instruments and also a set of alternatives that will help you in your course of investing:

1.Savings Bank Account: Savings account is a necessity, not an instrument anymore. They encourage savings, are highly safe with their moderate interest rates and are flexible when it comes to withdrawing your money when you need it.

2. Bank Fixed Deposit: These are the most trusted funds because they give moderate yet periodic returns with Average interest rate of 4%-7 %. You get your principal amount back once your term is over. All this with zero risks. This fund is essentially useful when you want to park your money aside for an Emergency. One of the easiest ways to invest is to opt for smaller Fixed Deposits so that you don’t lose the entire interest on your deposit when you have to break it for an Emergency.

3.Provident Funds: If you are employed then Provident fund is your pie. Provident fund is the accumulated amount one gets on retiring from his/her job. The accumulated amount is the contributions one makes during the employment period.

Public Provident Fund: This instrument is provided by the Central Government to employees who are self-employed and those at the unorganized sector. These are long term savings scheme that provides income security at your old age. This investment is famous for guaranteed returns, tax benefits, withdrawals after lock-in periods and is voluntary. Both Provident Funds and Public Provident Funds are definite items in your investment list as they secure your life after retirement.

4.Recurring Deposit: When you hear Recurring Deposit, remember SAVINGS. Recurring Deposit is quite similar to fixed Deposits. The difference is that in the recurring deposit you deposit a fixed sum every month in a recurring deposit account for a fixed tenure and you earn interest on these deposits, thereby you practice the habit of saving.

Warning Bell: The usual jazz that brokers give when they sell schemes is “Higher Returns”. Ever wondered how, say, for example, Real Estate manages to provide high-interest rate. The trick is, Higher Returns is a sugar coating for the Hidden Risks. An easy thumb rule is to keep the Interest on Bank FD as your benchmark. Any scheme providing an Interest rate higher than that a Bank FD, will have the factor of higher Risk. However, there is a way to earn higher returns with Debt too with the help of Debt Mutual Funds.

MyWay Wealth Weekly Update (Issue #24): The Great Indian Borrowing Programme & More

“The gross borrowing is higher because of the repayment programme. My recollection on net borrowings is that we are not even touching the highest that was touched in the last five years.” -S C Garg (Economic Affairs Secretary, Government of India)

Below is the government’s borrowing plan for the next fiscal year. If this starts seeming too technical for you, advisable to skip straight to the “What does this mean for you as an investor?” section.

The Government of India announced its borrowing calendar yesterday. Last month in its budget, the government had estimated that it would need to borrow ~INR 7 Lakh Crore in the next fiscal. However, seems like the government is prepping to borrow the same quantum only within the first six months of the upcoming fiscal year.

Here’s what the borrowing plan looks like in a nutshell:

 

Borrowing Split Mode Maturity Tranches
 

 

 

INR 7.02 LCr.

 

INR 4.42 LCr.

 

GoI – dated securities

 

Varying maturity
of from 1 to 4 years to 25 years and above.

 

first six weeks – 6 tranches of
INR 17,000 Cr. each;
over 6 months – 26 tranches of
INR 17,000 Cr. each

INR 2.6 LCr. T-bill auction 91d, 182d, 364d INR 1.2 LCr. Through
91 day T-Bills

(Source: financialexpress; GoI announcement | LCr. = Lakh Crore)

What does this mean for you as an investor?
We can expect a marginal impact as yields increase, albeit marginally. The opportunity still continues to be around debt funds with an average effective maturity below ~3 years – lower, the better. It would be best to ensure a high credit quality till there’s not further clarity around the liquidity situation in India.

Meanwhile, call it a relief rally or perhaps the build-up to a bigger story, Indian equities seem to be reflecting really strong growth in the time to come. Here’s how nifty move in the week that went by:

Explore More

If you have any concern, please write to us at ask@mywaywealth.com or call at 080 48039999we would be happy to answer your query.

Thanks,
Nirav (Head of Research)
MyWay Wealth

Life Insurance

Have you started saving for uncertainties?

Vijesh is 48 years old, an engineer working in an MNC and he is the only working member in his family. One day while returning from work in his car, he met with an accident. Unfortunately, he died. He was survived by his wife, Meena and two children. Meena has lost his life partner and she has to take care of her children. Now she is struggling to get a good job which would serve 3 lives.

Imagine something like this happening to you. What happens to your loved ones when you are no longer there? Death is an inevitable part of life. Invest in a life insurance plan and put these concerns to rest. Your insurance investment will take care of your family in any situation and will help in replacing lost household income, paying for the education of your kids or even providing financial support to your spouse if something happens to you.  

What is Life Insurance?

Life insurance is a contract between an insurance policy holder and an insurer or assurer, where the insurer promises to pay a designated beneficiary a sum of money in exchange for a premium, upon the death of an insured person.

Types of Life Insurance

1.Endowment Policy

  1. Unit Linked Insurance Policy
  2. Term Insurance
  3. Money Back Policy
  4. Whole Life Policy
  5. Pension Plan

Let’s know more about its 3 major types:

  1. Term Insurance Plan- Term insurance is a type of life insurance policy that provides coverage for a certain period of time or a specified “term” of years. If the insured dies during the time period specified in the policy and the policy is active – or in force – then a death benefit will be paid. Term insurance is initially much less expensive when compared to other life insurances.
  2. Unit Linked Insurance Policy- A Unit Linked Insurance Plan or ULIP is a product offered by insurance companies that, unlike a pure insurance policy, give investors both insurance and investment under a single integrated plan. You can withdraw only after lock-in-period of 5 years. Advisors say not to mix insurance with investment. Mixing the two will give you less than moderate returns from both.
  3. Endowment Policy- An endowment policy is a life insurance policy which apart from covering the life of the insured, helps the policy-holder save regularly over a specific period of time so that he/she is able to get a lump sum amount on the policy maturity in case he/she survives the policy term. This maturity amount can be used to meet various financial needs such as funding one’s retirement, children’s education or marriage or buying a house. The premium payable is usually much higher than that of whole life insurance or term insurance. It does not have the renewability (a few companies do provide renewable endowment policies subject to a maximum issue age) or convertibility option available in term insurance.

Claim Settlement Process

On the happening of the event, the beneficiary is required to send claim intimation form to the insurance company as soon as possible. Claim intimation should contain details such as Date, Place, and Cause of Death. On successful submission of claim intimation form, an insurance company can ask for additional information about

  1. Certificate of Death
  2. Copy of Insurance Policy
  3. Legal Evidence of title in case insured has not appointed a beneficiary
  4. Deeds of assignment

On successful submission of all the document, the insurance company shall verify the claim and settle the same.   

Equity Mutual Funds

Equities! A Smart Way to Invest

People normally don’t find it safe to invest in Equity. They consider it a gamble. Why? Because your shares are traded in the stock market which is subjected to market fluctuations. Then why does Monika Halan, consulting Editor for Mint, state “I Love equity funds”  in her book “Let’s Talk Money”.

Let’s look at this picture:

Invest in Equities

 

Surprising! The most trusted instruments such as Fixed Deposit multiplies wealth only by 20 times whereas investments in Equity multiplies it by 260 times.

Equities are stocks, meaning shares of a company. When you invest in equities it means you own the shares of a company and are partial owners of the company

But the hitch is how do you know which company’s stock performs well? How are your shares trending in the market? When to sell or buy?

This arises the need to understand the difference between investors and traders. The work of a trader is to track the market minute to minute and closely monitor the fluctuations in the stock. But as an investor, you must ascertain your investment horizon and financial need, invest in Equities and to stay invested until investment purpose is achieved. Remember, “time in the market” is important not timing the market.

The best option to invest in Equities is through Mutual Funds. Even Monika Halan says that she doesn’t buy shares directly but rather invests in Equity through Mutual Funds. Because when you do so, the decision of picking the right stock is vested with Professional Fund Managers who track the movement of shares closely and rebalance the investment portfolio regularly. They have a tab on the performance of companies, markets, political events, interest rates, and past data that help them to forecast the future of a stock. With Mutual Funds, there is a scheme for every person depending on your risk and investment goal. Say if you are a conservative investor but are willing to take a little bit of risk then, with Mutual funds you can always have your investments primarily in Bonds (Debt) with a little exposure to Stock (Equity).

As an investor one should remember that Equity Investing is no gamble. In a growing economy like India, good investments should outperform in the long run, irrespective of the macroeconomic factors. The Table below will give a clear idea:

Time Period 1 year 3 years 5 years
Amount Invested (INR) 12000 36000 60000
L&T India Value Fund-Direct Plan Growth Option 10,948.02 37,485.68 76,658.66
ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund-Direct Plan Growth 11,596.35 40,193.66 75,470.58
SBI Bluechip Fund Direct Growth 11,322.36 37,843.27 72,645.74

These are the Top Rated Funds on MyWay Wealth. The Table clearly shows that when Rs 1000 a month invested through SIP in these funds, say L&T India Value Fund-Direct Plan Growth Option for a period of 1 year gives a fund value of Rs. 10,948 which is lesser than the invested amount of Rs. 12000. But when the same process is carried out for a process of 5 years, the fund value is Rs. 76,658.66, which is 27% more than the invested amount Rs. 60000. The same pattern is seen in the other two funds as well.

India is expected to add the fourth-highest number of High Net Worth Individuals in the next five years, only behind the star economies of U.S., China, and Japan yet ahead of the European powerhouse – Germany.

Here’s what the High Net Worth Indians are doing right with their money-

HNI Indians: Source of Wealth

To make life simpler, here’s the inference you should care about – The wealthy have become wealthy through smart investing and by having a very good understanding of equities as an asset class.

Investing & Equity – bring these together and you will discover the secret sauce to wealth creation.

To sum it up, Equities may be volatile in the short run, but over the longer period, volatility will decrease and the returns will increase, thus reducing the risk.

So, Remember!

The thumb rule in Equity is to stay patient and remain invested for a long period to reap its benefits.

MyWay Wealth Weekly Update (Issue #23): What Moved My Market?

Indian markets opened on a positive note this week for the sixth consecutive session on the back of energy & financial service sector positive performance but settled lower on Friday as investors booked profits.

Both Sensex and nifty went up by 0.37% and 0.26% respectively during this week.

(more…)

Investment Planning in case of job loss

Are you worrying about your Job Loss? Here is what you can do!

The thought of losing a job is very scary, isn’t it? With the evolving technologies around and automation happening in every industry, it is but natural to be worried. Any of us can lose our job at any time and the worst part is we can’t do anything about it.

What you usually do to get out of this fear is you start talking to your peers, your friends, spending more time with your loved ones or you may watch a motivational movie etc which can motivate you. Each of them will motivate you but you would end up getting the perfect answer for what if I lose my job?
So here are some best ways to prepare for and tackle the job-loss situation:

Create your emergency fund:

Build your emergency fund out of your income. Transfer around 30% of your saving income into Liquid funds or ultra-short-term funds where risk is minimal, and your money will start growing on a daily basis. An ideal emergency fund should be equal to six months’ future expenses or if you are having any EMI’s going on, it should at least equal future six months EMI.
Another option would be to reduce the EMI amount & increase the tenure of the loan temporarily till the time things get normal. This is not at all beneficial for you in the long term so better have an emergency fund in place.

Fun Fact: There are certain mutual funds like Reliance Liquid Fund which provide instant redemption facility whereby you can get your money in just 5-10 min in your bank account 24*7. These funds can give you returns ranging from 6.5% – 8%.

Understand the employee benefits:

You should be aware of all the details of your salary, your unused leaves and their compensation, insurance etc. It will help you in estimating the future income.

Utilize your open-ended/Withdrawable Investments:

You should always have an investment which can be easily liquidated. In such critical times, your real estate, Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC) etc investments will not help as you can’t liquidate them but your investment in mutual funds safeguard you in such cases.

Use loan protection plans if you have any:

To safeguard investors from any uncertain events, banks do provide loan protection before taking any loan. This plan covers other critical events like illness or job loss. If you have this policy, redeem the plan’s benefit at times of job loss.

Make sure about your personal Mediclaim Policy:

You should always make sure that you are having your own Mediclaim policy other than the one which gets provided by the employer. Medical emergencies can arise at any time and will impact you majorly in your crucial times.

Look ahead for the opportunities:

While it is obvious to get frustrated by job loss but at the same time, you should also think about the skill set, the knowledge set required to qualify for the best opportunities in the market. Because, the above measures will help you in tackling the temporary emergencies, knowledge and skill set will give you permanent solutions.

Losing a job is a stressful activity, however proper planning & a balanced approach can help you in coming out of such cases.

MyWay Wealth Weekly Update (Issue #22): Here’s how RBI is trying to kill two (or more) birds with a single stone!

“There is always the potential for a central bank to engage in discretionary monetary policy and to break the one-to-one link between changes in foreign reserves and changes in the money supply.”- Steve Hanke (American Economist)

Late evening, this Wednesday, RBI announced that it would conduct a USD/INR swap auction for $5 billion. We view this as an exceptionally well-thought implementation by RBI to infuse liquidity and manage INR rates with a single move.

How does the swap work?

Eligible banks will bid a premium (an additional amount they are willing to pay RBI) to avail the opportunity to exchange their US Dollar reserve for a Rupee equivalent from RBI. This swap allows the bank to utilise the INR for banking activities and are expected to return this INR amount to RBI along with the committed premium at the end of three years to get their USD reserves back.

How does this help India?

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MyWay Wealth Weekly Update (Issue #21): Geopolitical tensions and your portfolio

“Be fearful when others are greedy & greedy when others are fearful” -Warren Buffett

Amidst rising military escalations between India & Pakistan, it is only natural for Indian investors to worry. But, a closer look at how the Indian markets reacted in similar situations should lend a better perspective to today.

As evident by the above graph, markets have reacted negatively but for a brief period. Looking at these periods from a different perspective, one would realise that investors who held tight or perhaps purchased more during the slump emerged as the biggest winners in only a year.

But, what about the coinciding elections? Does it add fuel to the fire?

‘Elections’ are often misquoted as a major investor concern. However, the real fear is always about a change in the policy along with the government. But regulatory risks continue to exist, irrespective of the political party in power.

Think of it this way, businesses do not stop functioning post-elections, the general public do not stop demanding goods & services; then why should the value of a company deteriorate?

Sure, there will be a temporary adjustment but in the long term, equities reflect the real value of a company. (more…)

Did you forget why today is important?

Dear Customer,

More than ever, women are living longer than men. Women are assuming greater professional and leadership responsibilities, while still managing their personal and family finances.

Questions that we need to ask ourselves:

● What  do I own? – Assess where you are currently, with your investments/ assets – physical and financial.

● What do I owe? – Bring down bad loans, if any.

● What are my goals for my money? – Write down your financial goals; short term, medium term and long term financial goals with amounts and the year in when you need them. Prioritize those goals and start with the first three more important ones.

Key points to keep in mind.

1.  Invest in retirement –  The National Pension System is not talked about enough, with it, you can create a corpus dedicated towards your retirement & also avail tax benefits on payment above 80C.

2.  Protect against the unknown – Take term insurance, there are several tools to help you assess the exact values. Be involved in family finances, it doesn’t mean that you have to be involved in the day-to-day aspect of it. But even just starting with understanding where are the assets, how are they invested, what’s out there? The last thing you want is something unexpected to happen, and you being unprepared to handle it. So even just understanding what your situation is a good start.

3. Get financial education – Getting a better understanding of money takes work, but it doesn’t have to be overwhelming. Equipped with the right attitude and education, women can feel empowered and confident about their financial future.

I am a strong believer in the live well and save smart philosophy. Investing is not as hard as it is made to sound. You can educate yourself on your investments through the journey. Equip yourself to ask the right questions and don’t fall into any sugar traps of returns and multiplied money.

Women’s investments are no longer an option, however a reality and a priority. Invest for you.

Watch our video on Women and Money

If you have any concern, please write to us at dipika@mywaywealth or call at 7975755821we would be happy to answer your query.

Thanks,
Dipika J (VP, Business development)
MyWay Wealth

Looking for Retirement Plans? Choose from the two Government initiatives, NPS or SCSS

Retirement

“Retirement is when you stop living at work and start working at living.”

A frequent question in the minds of people today is: Do I have enough funds to retire? What will I do when I retire?

The whole point of getting high degrees, building a decent career, aiming for high salaries, saving incomes, making a wise investment and various other activities in our life are done with the intention to have a peaceful lifestyle once we retire.

We commonly hear our parents say, “I don’t want to be dependent on my children when I retire” or “I want to go on a European trip when I retire” and many such aspirations. Some have financial desires and some just want to be financially independent rather than being a burden to anyone.

Besides, retirement is a stage everybody goes through in their life, be it a government or a non-government employee.  

To provide for all these needs, it is genuine that retired or senior citizens wish for post-retirement income. This is when small saving schemes provided by the Government of India becomes absolutely necessary.

One such Scheme is:

“Senior Citizen Savings Scheme”.

The Senior Citizens Savings Scheme (SCSS) is a scheme protected and backed by the Government of India to provide regular income for senior citizens of India. Since it is provided by the Government, this scheme is a risk-free tax saving investment, which is generally preferred amongst the retired audience.

“National Pension System (NPS)”

The National Pension System (NPS) is yet another instrument provided by the Government of India, with the intention to provide pension opportunity to every Indian and to inculcate the habit of saving especially for retirement.

This article aims at answering a few typical questions that senior citizens would have about SCSS and why one should consider NPS as a better option.

Who can invest in these instruments?

  • One has to be a citizen of India to be eligible for SCSS.
  • Must fulfill any one of the below age criteria:

a). Senior citizen aged 60 years or above.

b). Retirees who have opted for the Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) or Superannuation with the age between 55-60.

c). Retired defense personnel with a minimum age of 50 years.

Note: HUFs and NRIs are not allowed to invest in this scheme.  

With NPS, the criteria are simple: Any person between the age of 18 – 65 years can open an NPS account.  

What should my investment amount be?

  •    The minimum amount required for an investment in SCSS is Rs.1000.
  •    The maximum amount should be the lower of the two:
  1. An individual can invest up to 15 lakhs
  2. An individual can invest the amount received as a retirement benefit.

If it’s a joint account with a spouse, then the maximum amount is 30 lakhs.

The investment amount of NPS varies between 500 to 1000, depending on the type of NPS (Tier 1 or Tier II) you belong to. And there is no upper limit to the amount you can invest in NPS. Read More on: Types of NPS options?

The investment should be done by cheque or cash?

The SCSS account can be opened by cash or cheque. In the case of cash, the amount is below Rs.1 lakh and by cheque, the amount is above Rs.1 lakh.

You can invest in NPS within minutes using the paperless process of MyWay Wealth. All you need is to key in information with the amount you can invest and MyWay Wealth shows you the top recommended funds.  

What is the tenure of my investment?

The tenure for SCSS is 5 years. However, an extension of another 3 years is permitted.

An extension of three years is possible only on completion of the 5-year tenure. In addition, the investor needs to submit the duly filled Form B, which is regarding the extension of the scheme.

Note: Only one extension is allowed. But after one year, extended accounts can be closed and there would be no penalties charged for it.

With  NPS, there is of fixed maturity tenure and one can contribute to the account till the age of 70.

When can I withdraw my money?

The ideal withdrawal of funds for SCSS is after the tenure of the investment. However, premature withdrawal can be done but is subjected to penalties.

The penalty varies based on the period of the investment.

  • If the withdrawal is after the first year and before the end of the second year, then 1.5 % of the amount deposited is deducted as penalty.
  • If the withdrawal is on or after the second year, then 1% of the deposited amount is deducted.

NPS allows withdrawal only after 3 years of subscription and the account holder can make withdrawals up to 25% of the contributions. NPS has two types of account Tier I and Tier II, wherein:

  • Tier II account works like a savings account and hence the account holder is free to do withdrawals anytime.
  • Tier I has not withdrawal option until the account holder turns 60 except for specific situations like critical illness, child’s marriage and construction/ purchase of a property.

What are the Interest rates on my account?

The above table provides the historic interest rates on SCSS. The government has decided to review these rates quarterly and the interest is paid on the last working day of April, July, October, and January.

With NPS, there are chances of making high returns as the scheme invests a certain amount in equities as well, so investors are capable of receiving interest rates as high as 12 – 14%, which is more than the interest rates provided by other savings schemes.

Can I have multiple accounts?

The answer is Yes for SCSS. One can have an individual account, Joint account with spouse and hold multiple accounts. Though the answer is No for NPS, the point is, there is no necessity to open multiple or a second account with NPS as it is portable across locations and sectors.

What are the tax implications?

As mentioned before, SCSS is a tax saving scheme.

  • The sum invested on or after April 1, 2007, is eligible for tax deductions up to 1.5 per annum under 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • The interest earned is fully taxable.
  • Tax is Deducted at source if interest is more than 10,000 per annum.

For NPS:

  • With NPS you can save tax up to 1.5 lakhs every year under Section 80(CCD).
  • You receive an additional tax deduction of Rs. 50,000 p.a. under Section 80CCD(1B) to save Rs. 15,480 in taxes!
  • Starting 1st of April this year, NPS on withdrawal will be totally tax exempt (like PPF and EPF, but with better returns thanks to equity exposure).

How do I Open an Account?

One has to opt for a bank to open an SCSS account after which you would have to open a Savings bank account. You would require the following documents:

  •    Two passport size photographs
  •    Aadhar card. (Absence of which one must provide a copy of the acknowledged Aadhar card application)
  •    Address and identity proof such as PAN, Aadhar card, passport or declaration is Form 60 or 61.
  •    Fill the “account opening form” provided by the bank.

Note: Have your original identity proof for verification purpose.

For NPS:

  • You can visit a point of presence (PoP), fill the prescribed form and submit the KYC documents.
  • You can also do it online at enps.nsdl.com.
  • Or simple, do it easily on your phone with MyWay Wealth app and experience the paperless KYC process by just sitting at home.

Is Nomination facility available?

Yes, the facility is available for SCSS by submitting an application as part of Form C, accompanied by the passbook of the Branch, at the time of opening an SCSS account.

NPS also provides the facility of nomination.

But in which bank do I open the account?

The SCSS account can be opened at any head post office or general post office.

The banks which offer SCSS are Allahabad Bank, Andhra Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, Bank of Baroda, Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Canara Bank, Central Bank of India, Dena Bank, IDBI Bank, Indian Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India, Syndicate Bank, UCO Bank, Union Bank of India and Vijaya Bank.

The only private bank to offer SCSS is ICICI Bank. List of Pension Fund Managers for NPS are:

  • Birla Sun Life Pension Scheme.
  • HDFC Pension Fund.
  • ICICI Prudential Pension Fund.
  • Kotak Pension Fund.
  • LIC Pension Fund.
  • Reliance Capital Pension Fund.
  • SBI Pension Fund.
  • UTI Retirement Solutions.

Also, like SCSS, NPS account can also be opened through several banks as mentioned above. But why do it yourself when an app can do it for you? MyWay Wealth- India’s first and only app provides the facility of NPS for its investors. All you need is a few minutes to complete the paperless KYC process and then follow the steps below, you are all set to begin your retirement journey with NPS on MyWay.

 To sum it all up, the very objective of these Government Initiatives is to protect senior citizens from risks, cover their needs by means of assured returns.

It’s clearly seen that NPS can provide all the features that the Senior Citizen Savings Scheme can provide. Also additionally, it has tax benefits, way higher returns than usual retirement options and you can get it done easily with MyWay Wealth.

Everyone deserves a peaceful retired life after working so hard. Let your investments work for you now.

Invest in NPS on MyWay Wealth and enjoy a tension free Retirement Life!!